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Table 1 Brain and biomechanics stages in wine tasting

From: Neuroenology: how the brain creates the taste of wine

Brain systems Biomechanics
Cephalic phase (vision)  
Preliminary analysis (vision) Orthonasal smell
Ingestion Tongue, exhalation, retronasal smell
Initial analysis Tongue, exhalation, retronasal smell
Forming the wine perceptual image Tongue, exhalation, retronasal smell
Forming the wine flavor object Tongue, exhalation, retronasal smell
Swallowing Automatic motor action
Post-swallowing Exhalation, retronasal smell