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Table 1 Musical matches for the flavours of citrus and vanilla established by Bronner et al. [13] (table reprinted from Spence [1] with permission)

From: Wine and music (I): on the crossmodal matching of wine and music

Musical parameters matching the flavours of citrus and vanilla
Musical parameter Orange Vanilla
Timber Bright, fairly sharp and rough Soft, dull, not sharp, not rough
Ambitus Middle range to big Small
Articulation Staccato, accentuated, dynamic Legato, even, less dynamic
Rhythm Syncopated Even, not syncopated
Melody Middle range, to steps, large step intervals Small-interval consonant
Tempo Lively and fast (vivace) Rather slow (adagio)